When the hypothalamus is not functioning properly, it is not able to send signal to the pituitary gland which is responsible for sending hormonal stimuli to the ovaries so that the eggs can mature. Failure of the hypothalamus to trigger this process results to immature eggs which is a cause of female infertility.
Improper functioning of the pituitary glands can lead to overproduction or underproduction of FSH and LH which are essential for ovulation. This can be caused by a tumor, chemical imbalance in the pituitary or physical injury.
Age is the most significant factor that affects the ability of a woman to conceive along with other factors that can be a cause of female infertility. After the age of 30, the chances of a woman to get pregnant reduce from three percent to five percent each year. The risk of infertility increases in the age of 40
What Causes Female Infertility
There are other factors that affect infertility in women which includes:
- Endometriosis – A condition where the endometrial tissue grows excessively outside the uterus, ovaries, Fallopian tubes and the pelvic peritoneum. It is the major cause of infertility in women. Symptoms of this condition include heavy or irregular bleeding, menstrual pain and possible repeat miscarriages. Laparoscopy is used to treat this condition wherein abnormal tissues are removed and tubes are unblocked.
- Problems with Ovulation – The ovary is unable to release mature eggs due to disruption of the process of ovulation. The causes of failed ovulation are due to the following:
*Hormonal Problems – The hormonal balance and interactions are disrupted which prevents ovulation.
Among the causes of this problem is the inability to produce mature eggs because the ovaries are not producing normal follicles wherein the eggs can mature.
- Scarred Ovaries – Intensive and multiple surgeries for the treatment of ovarian cyst caused damage and scarring to the ovaries. As a result, the follicles are not able to properly mature so that ovulation does not occur. Infection can also cause this condition.
- Egg Quality is Poor – This is usually age-related. Damaged eggs or eggs with chromosomal abnormalities are not able to sustain a pregnancy. The quality of eggs usually declines in the late 30′s or early 40′s. Surrogacy or egg donation is done to help women get pregnant under this condition.
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome – Due to numerous small cysts in the ovary, hormonal imbalance occurs and ovulation is disrupted. Symptoms of this condition include irregular menstrual period, acne, excessive growth of hair and weight gain. Follicle stimulating hormones, IVF and drugs that stimulate ovulation are used to help women with this condition get pregnant.
- Blockages in the Fallopian tubes – When there is damage or blockage in the Fallopian tubes, the eggs are prevented from arriving in the uterus as well as the sperm from reaching the egg. This can be due to STD such as Chlamydia, sterilization surgery and pelvic inflammatory disease.
Whatever is the cause of female infertility, modern medical technologies can help you get pregnant and build your family.